Domestic Violence Against Women Essay
1691 Words7 Pages
The World Health Organization defines violence as:
“The intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development or deprivation”.
WHO has declared violence against women both a public health problem and a violation of human rights.
Violence against women is of many types and has many faces. Also called Gender-based violence, public health experts around the world have called it the “Hidden Epidemic”. (ref)
Violence against women is an age-old practice but it was only in the last decade of the 20th century that it got recognition as a serious human…show more content…
From forced marriages in Afghanistan and "honour killings" in Pakistan to female foeticide in India and trafficking in Nepal, South Asian women face a barrage of dangers. Every three minutes an act of violence is perpetrated against a female in South Asia, according to U.N. Women.( ANALYSIS-South Asia's growing modernity masks women's plight 15 Jun 2011 00:00 Source: Alertnet // Nita Bhalla) ( ANALYSIS-South Asia's growing modernity masks women's plight 15 Jun 2011 00:00 Source: Alertnet // Nita Bhalla)
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the sixth most populated country in the world, is in South Asia bordered by India, Afghanistan, Iran, China and the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is home to one of the earliest known human civilizations, the Indus Valley civilization, dating back at least 5000 years. Its people and traditions reflect many varied cultures ( UNDP 2011). HDI report.
The life expectancy at birth for the population is 66 years, infant mortality is 62 per 1000 live births and the maternal mortality is 260 deaths per 100,000 live births.
Domestic violence is referred to as intimate partner violence in the developed countries, but in the developing countries and especially in South Asia domestic violence is not perpetuated by intimate partner or spouse only, the perpetrators include other family members also.
In Pakistan, violence against women occurring within the family is treated lightly considered a cultural norm and is condoned by the
Protecting Women from Domestic Violence Essay
5817 Words24 Pages
“Domestic violence is the most ubiquitous constant in women’s lives around the world. There is virtually no place where it is not a significant problem, and women of no race, class, or age are exempt from its reach” -Joni Seager
Abstract: Domestic violence against women is a social problem that occurs in nearly every corner of the world. Recently, some states have begun to recognize that women must be protected from abuse by family members and intimates. While policies and practices designed to protect women have emerged in a number of countries, many lag behind on the issue. This paper will examine the causal factors behind the variation in protection for women. The literature on women and politics suggests that women’s…show more content…
Domestic violence is defined as abuse between family members, but for the context of this paper I am specifically referring to abuse against women. Until relatively recently, authorities in many states have ignored or even condoned this type of violence. For example, the phrase “rule of thumb” comes from Anglo-American common law -- a husband was permitted to strike his wife with a stick as long as it was no wider than his thumb (Straus and Gelles 1986). In some cultures, domestic violence remains an acceptable means for a husband to discipline his wife. Why do such abhorrent acts occur and why have they gone unpunished? Experts generally agree that domestic violence is used to keep women in a subordinate position within the household (Seager, 2003; Straus and Gelles, 1986). Men use physical abuse against women in order to ‘keep them in their place’ -- to exert their power as the dominant figure in the household. Historically, domestic violence has been considered a private matter, a problem between a man and his wife that the state need not become involved in (Abrar and Lovenduski, 2002; Bush, 1992; Hawkins and Humes, 2002).
Recently, the domestic violence issue has been moved from the private realm to the public in many states. Consequently, practices regarding the problem are changing and violence in the home is becoming a criminal matter. Yet the degree of protection women receive varies tremendously across states.