Cause and Effect Essay Writing: One Thing Leads to Another
The simplest way to define a cause and effect essay is “one thing leads to another.” The cause is the “one thing” that results in the effect, or “another.” Frequently, a single cause can generate many effects.
Writing a cause and effect essay is about choosing a topic and building a relationship between the cause (why things happen) and the effect (what happens as a result). You must show that the issue exists, and your explanation is essential to your analysis.
Evaluate the effectiveness of your essay list by asking yourself these questions:
- What are the causes?
- What are the effects?
- Are there singular or multiple causes/effects?
- Is there a chain reaction?
Brainstorm to find a possible essay topic by identifying a variety of causes and effects. You must decide if your essay is to discuss a single topic or multiple points. Continue to ask questions until you are convinced that you have all the causes or effects related to your essay topic, and make sure that the relationships are logical and valid.
Organizing cause and effect essays
After brainstorming, consider your topic choice and the best way to organize it. You can present this type of essay in one of the following three ways:
- Order of importance
Categorical presentations arrange the details by dividing the topic into parts, chronological essays arrange the information in the order in which the events happened and order of importance essay arrange the items from least to most important or vice versa.
Key components of cause and effect essays
The key components of a well-written cause and effect essay include the following:
- Use of language that is not negative or partial
- Use of accurate evidence that shows the cause-and-effect relationship
- Use of transitional words that assist in distinguishing similarities and differences
- Use of primary and ancillary information that shows credibility
Framework of cause and effect essays
The framework of a cause and effect essay includes the following sections:
- An interesting topic that focuses on analyzing and informing
- An introduction with a clear, concise and strong thesis statement
- At least three body paragraphs that include plausible, supporting evidence
- A conclusion that ties all the paragraphs together
Structure of cause and effect essays
The introduction of the cause and effect essay should do several things:
- Introduce the topic that illustrates the points of discussion
- State the thesis of your essay and its purpose
- Provide supporting details to strengthen your essay by providing descriptions, facts and examples
- Use transitional words and phrases to lead in to the body paragraphs
The body paragraphs focus on building a relationship between why things happen and what happens as a result. Keep the following in mind when writing your body paragraphs:
- Provide details to describe the “cause” in one body paragraph
- Provide specific “effects” in one body paragraph
- Explain the cause and effect relationship and why analysis is vital
- Maintain a list of sources that provide credence to your position, and cite sources used
- Use signal phrases to show causes (another factor, because, explain why, results from, what is the cause of, why)
- Use signal phrases to show effects (another result, as a result, consequently, one important effect, outcome, the results of)
The conclusion does not summarize the points from the body of the essay; it synthesizes the information from the body paragraphs, drawing conclusions based on the information you present. This is your last opportunity to persuade the reader to your position, so develop a convincing, logical argument.
Include a list of references at the end of a cause and effect essay. Sources should be formatted according the any specific instructions or under any official styles guides you are required to use, such as MLA style or APA style.
What is a Cause and Effect Essay?
A cause and effect essay can be defined as,
“ A paragraph or essay form which probes and analyzes into the causes (rationale, reasoning and background reasons) along with the effects (consequences, effects and outcome) for a particular event, happening, condition or behavior”.
Typically, students might confuse themselves between a cause and effect essay and a compare and contrast essay. A cause and effect essay concentrates on the ability of the writer to hook up the reasons why things happened and lead to the particular consequences. In addition, the writer approaches the sequence of events linearly, further analyzing the reasons and impact vigilantly.
The Domino Effect
At times, an event might trigger another event or happening, which may lead to another event, and it causes another event to happen. This is known as the causal chain or domino effect.
Format and Outline of a Standard Cause and Effect Essay
The introduction consists of statement of thesis topic, thesis statement, background information and analysis and literature review, if required. The thesis statement is followed up with by the statement of the main issue by describing the cause in detail with explicit illustration of circumstances.
First Body Paragraph
The first paragraph of a cause and effect essay introduces and describes the first reason which renders the thesis statement or hypothesis true. It is followed up by a detailed description and explanation of the primary reason along with background information or examples and related material.
Second Body Paragraph
The second paragraph of a cause and effect essay brings in and describes the secondary reason which renders the thesis statement or hypothesis true. It is followed up by a detailed description and explanation of the second reason along with establishing a relationship between the primary and secondary reasons or causes.
Third Body Paragraph
The third paragraph of a cause and effect essay states the last and final reason which effects the main thesis statement and the primary and secondary causes. It establishes a correlation and interdependence among the 3 reasons by means of implementing deductive analysis.
The conclusion recaps the whole essay in general and explicitly states the deductive reasoning, earlier established from the causes in a categorical order.
Types of Casual Relationships in Cause and Effect Essays
A necessary cause is one which needs to be essentially present for a particular event or happening to occur. A sufficient cause may or may not be accompanied by other causes.
Example: Scientific causes e.g. Global warming, natural causes and universal cause and effect relationships.
A sufficient cause is one which has the ability to produce a certain type of effect independently but might not be the only source of inducing the designated cause and may or may not be accompanied by other causes.
Example: Social causes e.g. divorce, teenage violence, homosexuality etc.
A contributory cause is an impetus which aids in producing a specific effect or outcome but is not capable of inducing the effect in its independent capacity. A contributory cause is necessarily accompanied by other causes.
Example: Accidents and events like cars accident or a particular event.
Guide Tips for Drafting Cause and Effect Essays
The writing style for a cause and effect essay typically makes use of casual chains, logical flow of events, systematic order of events and happenings. The writer should make use of deductive analysis of the existing data to reach provide a logical reasoning of the particular happening.
To organize your cause and effect essay, write down all the possible causes that come into your mind for the specific effect.
Next, narrow down and categorize the causes into parent causes. For example if your are working on the causes of divorce then you can make parent categories of internal, external, family specific and natural causes and then assign the sub-causes like lack of tolerance, financial issues, work issues into each parent cause.
Format an outline map of your cause and direct inducements. Then, you can adjust the map into your essay structure by formatting transition words and sentences.
Words and Phrases for Sentence Development in Cause and Effect Essay Writing
|as a result|
One reason why …
There are other reasons, too, …
One of the most important reasons why …
The main reasons why